Which state of matter has maximum force of attraction?

Which state of matter has maximum force of attraction?

The force of attraction between the molecules of matter is called the intermolecular force of attraction. It is maximum in solids, less in liquid and least in gases.

In which state of matter force of attraction is minimum?

gaseous state
The state of matter with the least intermolecular forces of attraction is the gaseous state.

Which phase of matter has the weakest attractive forces?

In the liquid phase the molecular forces are weaker than in a solid. A liquid will take the shape of its container with a free surface in a gravitational field.

Which has the weakest attractive forces among the states of matter?

Forces of attraction are weakest in a gaseous state.

How are phase changes in matter affected by intermolecular forces of attraction?

A phase change is occuring; the liquid water is changing to gaseous water, or steam. On a molecular level, the intermolecular forces between the water molecules are decreasing. When considering phase changes, the closer molecules are to one another, the stronger the intermolecular forces.

Which phase change involves an increase in the attractive force between molecules?

Phase transitions involving the breaking of intermolecular attractions ( such as fusion, vaporization, and sublimation) require an input of energy to overcome the attractive forces between the particles of the substance.

Which phase has the strongest intermolecular forces?

Due to the solid’s low kinetic energy, particles have no “time” to move around, the particles have more “time” to be attracted. Therefore, solids have the strongest intramolecular forces (because they have the strongest attraction).

What has the strongest intermolecular forces solid liquid or gas?

Solids have the strongest intermolecular forces between molecules and it is these forces which hold the molecules in a rigid shape. In a liquid the intermolecular forces are continuously breaking and reforming as the molecules move and slide over each other.

Do intermolecular forces break during phase change?

When a solid melts to form a liquid, there is generally very little volume change involved (compared to the volume change in boiling). This is because only some of the intermolecular forces in the solid are broken in the phase change.

Are intermolecular forces broken during phase change?

It is important to remember that during a phase change no chemical bonds are broken (note: ‘hydrogen bonds’ are not covalent bonds, but rather the name given to a particular type of inter-molecular forces).

Which phase change causes an increase in the motion of atoms?

Sublimation. Sublimation occurs when a substance changes from a solid into a gas. Increases in temperature causes the kinetic energy of particles to also increase. This allows the particles to overcome the intermolecular forces and become mobile.

Which phase transition absorbs the most energy?

If we are considering melting and boiling, the clear choice is boiling, which requires almost 7 times more energy than melting.