Where do Arctic terns migrate to and from?

Where do Arctic terns migrate to and from?

A small, slender gray-and-white bird with angular wings, the Arctic Tern is well known for its long yearly migration. It travels from its Arctic breeding grounds to Antarctica where it enjoys the Antarctic summer, covering around 25,000 miles.

How does the Arctic tern fly?

The Arctic tern flies as well as glides through the air. It nests once every one to three years (depending on its mating cycle); once it has finished nesting it takes to the sky for another long southern migration. Arctic terns are medium-sized birds.

How long does it take an Arctic tern to fly pole to pole?

The young can fly after 21–24 days, but usually stay with their parents for a further month or two. The journey back south takes place between late July and early October. Arctic terns follow the coastlines of northwest Europe and Africa, feeding as they go.

How long can an Arctic tern fly?

Arctic terns can live for 15 to 30 years, meaning the the record-breaking tern could fly as far as 3m kilometres over its lifetime, the rough equivalent of four round trips to the moon. “We are just scratching the surface about this birds and its capabilities,” said Bevan.

Where does the arctic tern come from?

They breed on the coasts and tundra of Arctic and subarctic regions of Europe, Asia, and North America, then follow the sun and fair weather on their yearly journey to the Antarctic Circle—a trip that takes a couple of months. Arctic terns migrate in groups known as colonies.

Where is the Arctic tern?

Arctic terns can also be seen along the eastern coast of South America, Western Europe, Iceland, Australia, New Zealand, and on Pacific islands. Their winter habitat extends to the northernmost points of Antarctica. Breeding grounds range in type and include boreal forests, islands, tundras, and rocky beaches.

What bird flies from the North Pole to the South Pole?

arctic terns
Arctic Tern. An arctic tern soars over Iceland. These small birds have one of the longest annual migrations of any animal on Earth. Every year, arctic terns migrate from the Arctic Circle to the Antarctic Circle—a round-trip journey of about 30,000 kilometers (18,641 miles).

What is special about the Arctic Tern?

About the Arctic tern Arctic terns hold the record for the longest migration of any animal in the world, annually making the journey from the Arctic Circle to the Antarctic Circle. One particularly committed tern made the trip in nearly 60,000 miles, or more than twice the circumference of the planet.

Which is the fastest flying bird?

The Peregrine Falcon
It’s a bat. But first, some background: The Peregrine Falcon is indisputably the fastest animal in the sky. It has been measured at speeds above 83.3 m/s (186 mph), but only when stooping, or diving.

Which bird flies the longest?

bar-tailed godwit
The bar-tailed godwit holds the record for longest nonstop flight. It travels 6,800 miles (11,000 km) from Alaska to New Zealand without any layovers.

What’s the highest flying bird?

Ruppell’s griffon vulture
The two highest-flying bird species on record are the endangered Ruppell’s griffon vulture, which has been spotted flying at 37,000 feet (the same height as a coasting commercial airplane), and the bar-headed goose, which has been seen flying over the Himalayas at heights of nearly 28,000 feet.

Is the Arctic tern extinct?

Least Concern (Population decreasing)
Arctic tern/Conservation status

How far do Arctic terns fly?

The Arctic tern makes a return trip of around 44,000 miles from pole to pole each year, flying between its breeding grounds in Greenland in the north and the Weddell Sea on the shores of Antarctica in the far south, in a lifetime spent in perpetual summer.

Why do Arctic terns go to Antarctica twice a year?

When it is winter in the Arctic, it is summer in the Antarctic, and vice versa. So, it seems only natural (to the Arctic Tern) that they make a trip twice a year to ensure that they can enjoy summer in both locations, thus having sun 24 hours almost all year long.

What do Arctic terns mate for life?

The Arctic Tern is a bird that mates for life with two things: their actual mate, and the sun. Because of this, they are very passionate about summer, as it is the time that the sun shines the most. In the Arctic and Antarctic especially, the summer sun lasts twenty-four hours.

Do Arctic terns have any predators?

Do Arctic terns have any natural predators? Eggs, chicks, and adult Arctic terns that are nesting on the ground are vulnerable to foxes, cats, and large birds such as skuas, gulls, and petrels. Because of their migratory pattern, Arctic terns see two summers every year and get more daylight than any other animal in the world.