What was the encomienda system and why was it important?

What was the encomienda system and why was it important?

Why is the encomienda system so important? The encomienda system allowed for a vast accumulation of wealth by the conquistadors and the Spanish crown. They benefited from the discovery of gold and silver in the New World, and the mining of those metals by their laborers.

What is the encomienda system simple definition?

Encomienda. The encomienda was a legal system that was employed mainly by the Spanish crown during the Spanish colonization of the Americas to regulate Native American labor. In the encomienda, the Spanish crown granted a person a specified number of natives for whom they were to take responsibility.

What did the Spanish encomienda system result in?

How did it come to be? The encomienda system is a labor system established by the Spanish Crown in the 1500s. This new system rewarded Spanish explorers, conquistadors, and military men with land in the New World. But they didn’t just get the land, they got the labor of the people living on the land as well.

What was the Spanish system of encomienda quizlet?

The encomienda system was a labour system under which the Tainos had to work in the fields and mines belonging to the Spaniards. They would be called the ecomondero of the Tainos. His duties were to protect them and make them more civilized.

How did the Encomienda system benefit Spain?

The encomienda system was put in place in several areas, most importantly in Peru. Under the encomienda system, prominent Spaniards were entrusted with Native Peruvian communities. In exchange for the stolen labor of Indigenous people and tribute, the Spanish lord would provide protection and education.

Where was Encomienda system used?

encomienda, in Spain’s American and Philippine colonies, legal system by which the Spanish crown attempted to define the status of the indigenous population. It was based upon the practice of exacting tribute from Muslims and Jews during the Reconquista (“Reconquest”) of Muslim Spain.

What are the effects of Encomienda system?

The encomienda system allowed the Conquistadors to get rewarded for their role in conquering New Spain. It also was a good way of extracting wealth from the land. It hurt the Spanish overall, to some extent, by making it harder to attract lots of Spanish to colonize.

What is meant by Mita?

Definition of mita : a forced-labor draft imposed by the Spaniards on the indigenous inhabitants of Peru.

Why did the Spanish make the Encomienda system?

Although the original intent of the encomienda was to reduce the abuses of forced labour (repartimiento) employed shortly after Europeans’ 15th-century discovery of the New World, in practice it became a form of enslavement.

Was the Encomienda system fair?

To the conquistadors and settlers, the encomiendas were nothing less than their fair and just reward for the risks they had taken during the conquest. They saw the New Laws as the actions of an ungrateful king who, after all, had been sent 20% of Atahualpa’s ransom.

Why did the Spanish use the encomienda system quizlet?

At the beginning, the encomienda system was introduced with the intention of looking after the welfare of the natives, to educate them as well as to teach them Christianity. What did it turn out to be? It turnt out to be a way to control,enslave and exploit (abuse) the tainos.

Who was Montezuma II quizlet?

Montezuma II was the last of the Aztec emperors, who was defeated by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés in 1520. Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima. a person of mixed racial ancestry (especially mixed European and Native American ancestry).