Table of Contents
What materials did the Mycenaean use?
Imported materials included gold, ivory (principally from the Syrian elephant), copper, and glass, while in the other direction went Mycenaean goods such as pottery to places as far afield as Egypt, Mesopotamia, the Levant, Anatolia, Sicily, and Cyprus.
Did the mycenaeans use bronze?
A representative piece of Mycenaean armor is the Dendra panoply (c. 1450–1400 BC) which consisted of a cuirass of a complete set made up of several elements of bronze. It was flexible and comfortable enough to be used for fighting on foot, while the total weight of the armor is around 18 kg (about 40 lb).
Did the Minoan skilled metal work?
They built the palace at Knossos. in palaces that were centers of production and government. Their ships patrolled the eastern Mediterranean Sea to protect their trading ships from pirates. They were skilled in metal work.
What is Mycenaean pottery made of?
In terms of raw material though, Mycenaean pottery is in fact often superior in quality to Minoan as the majority was made from old Yellow Minyan Clay and fired at higher temperatures than on Crete.
What did the Mycenaeans do to the Minoans?
The Mycenaeans took over the islands of the Minoans and adopted much of the Minoan culture. They adapted the writing of the Minoans to their own language. Today this writing is called “Linear B.”
What type of artifacts did the Mycenaeans produce?
During the Mycenaean period, the Greek mainland enjoyed an era of prosperity centered in such strongholds as Mycenae, Tiryns, Thebes, and Athens. Local workshops produced utilitarian objects of pottery and bronze, as well as luxury items, such as carved gems, jewelry, vases in precious metals, and glass ornaments.
What weapons did the Minoans use?
The Minoans had daggers and swords, some of them richly decorated. At Mallia a beautiful matching set of sword and dagger was found. The sword handle was covered in gold sheet decorated top and bottom with an incised herringbone design, the pommel being fashioned out of a large piece of rock crystal.
What were Mycenaean palaces used for?
One of the most important features of the palace was the Megaron, which was a large rectangular room. The Megaron was used as a center of economy and trade as well as a throne room for the king – it was even used for religious ceremonies, too. Inside the Megaron, there was a hearth and four columns surrounding it.
What was Minoan pottery used for?
Minoan pottery has been used as a tool for dating the mute Minoan civilization. Its restless sequence of quirky maturing artistic styles reveals something of Minoan patrons’ pleasure in novelty while they assist archaeologists in assigning relative dates to the strata of their sites.
How did the Minoans and Mycenaeans different?
The only differences are their iconographic elements. Minoans relied heavily on religious iconography, depicting the images of their gods and especially goddesses. Unlike Minoans, known for their peaceful thalassocracy, the Mycenaean society was oriented towards war and expansion, and it showed in their art.
How did the Mycenaeans capture Troy?
Allegedly the war was started when Paris, the Trojan Prince, stole Helen of Sparta (a city that the Mycenaeans called Lacedaemon). This act sparked an attack on Troy, only justifying the Mycenaean conquest of the city. In reality, the Mycenaeans wanted control of Troy and took the kidnapping as an opportunity to do so.
What artifacts did the Minoans produce?
Since wood and textiles have decomposed, the best-preserved (and most instructive) surviving examples of Minoan art are its pottery, palace architecture (with frescos which include “the earliest pure landscapes anywhere”), small sculptures in various materials, jewellery, metal vessels, and intricately-carved seals.
What is the difference between the Minoans and the Mycenaeans?
The Minoans and the Mycenaeans were two of the early civilizations that developed in Greece. The Minoans lived on the Greek islands and built a huge palace on the island of Crete. The Mycenaeans lived mostly on mainland Greece and were the first people to speak the Greek language. The Minoans built a large civilization on the island
How did the Mycenaean period start?
The early Mycenaean period started with a huge and dramatic influence from the Minoans; hence most Mycenaean’s from mainland Greece became Minoanized. Around 1400 B.C., the Mycenaean’s overpowered the palace of Knossos and the Minoan pottery style began to evolve from its basic stylistic domination.
Are Greek myths distorted memories of the Minoans?
It is most apparent that Greek myths represent distorted memories of the Greek Mycenaean era. Before the rise of the Mycenaean civilization in mainland Greece, the Minoan civilization flourished on the large island of Crete from around 2000–1400 BCE.
How did the Minoans build their civilization?
The Minoans built a large civilization on the island of Crete that flourished from around 2600 BC to 1400 BC. They built a powerful and long lasting civilization based on a strong navy and trade throughout the Mediterranean Sea. The Minoans had their own written language which archeologists call “Linear A.”.