# What determines electrical resistance?

## What determines electrical resistance?

The resistance of an object depends in large part on the material it is made of. Objects made of electrical insulators like rubber tend to have very high resistance and low conductivity, while objects made of electrical conductors like metals tend to have very low resistance and high conductivity.

What is the role of resistance in electricity?

Resistance is the hindrance to the flow of electrons in material. While a potential difference across the conductor encourages the flow of electrons, resistance discourages it. The rate at which charge flows between two terminals is a combination of these two factors.

### What 3 things does electrical resistance depend on?

The resistance of a given piece of wire depends of three factors: the length of the wire, the cross-sectional area of the wire, and the resistivity of the material composing the wire. To understand how this works, think of water flowing through a hose.

What are the three laws of electricity?

Basic Electrical Theory: The Fundamental Laws of Electricity

• I = V / R or V = IR or R = V/I.
• 1 Ohm = resistance of a conductor when a potential difference of one volt produces a current of one amp through the conductor.
• P = VI or P = I2R.
• Check Out: Ohms law and Watt’s Law Calculator.
• Current In = Current Out.

#### What are the 4 factors affecting the resistance of a conductor?

There are four factors affecting resistance which are Temperature, Length of wire, Area of the cross-section of the wire, and nature of the material.

What are the four factors affecting resistance?

There are 4 different factors which affect resistance:

• The type of material of which the resistor is made.
• The length of the resistor.
• The thickness of the resistor.
• The temperature of the conductor.

## What happens if resistance is too low?

If resistance is too low, current will be high at any voltage. If resistance is too high, current will be low if voltage is okay. NOTE: When the voltage stays the same, such as in an Automotive Circuit… current goes up as resistance goes down, and current goes down as resistance goes up.

What happens if resistance is too high?

The higher the resistance, the lower the current flow. If abnormally high, one possible cause (among many) could be damaged conductors due to burning or corrosion. All conductors give off some degree of heat, so overheating is an issue often associated with resistance.

### What 4 things does the resistance of a wire depend on?

The resistance of a conductor depends on the cross sectional area of the conductor, the length of the conductor, and its resistivity.

Which law is also called as electricity law?

(Act 54 of 1948)1.

#### What are the basic principles of electricity?

There are three primary electrical parameters: the volt, the ampere and the ohm.

• The Volt. The pressure that is put on free electrons that causes them to flow is known as electromotive force (EMF).
• The Ampere. The ampere defines the flow rate of electric current.
• The Ohm. The ohm is the unit of resistance in a conductor.

What is resistance in electrical?

What is resistance? Resistance is a measure of the opposition to current flow in an electrical circuit. Resistance is measured in ohms, symbolized by the Greek letter omega (Ω).

## What are the basic rules of electrical circuits?

Basic Rules that Electrical Circuits always follow. Here we will Understand Rules of Electrical Circuit in Parallel and Series. Basic rules that electrical circuits always follow. A voltage of 1V across a resistance of 1 Ohm will cause a current flow of 1 Amp, and the resistor will dissipate 1 Watt ( all as heat ).

How do you calculate the resistance of a circuit?

Calculating resistance – Ohm’s Law The resistance of an electrical component can be found by measuring the electric current flowing through it and the potential difference across it. This equation, called Ohm’s Law, shows the relationship between potential difference, current and resistance: voltage = current × resistance

### What is the significance of 60 Ω resistance?

The 60 Ω resistance can help determine the condition of a circuit. In the second example, if circuit current is 3 amps instead of 4, circuit resistance has increased from 60 Ω to 80 Ω (240 ÷ 3 = 80 Ω). The 20 Ω gain in total resistance could be caused by a loose or dirty connection or an open-coil section.