What are the groups in the periodic table called?

What are the groups in the periodic table called?

The vertical columns on the periodic table are called groups or families because of their similar chemical behavior. All the members of a family of elements have the same number of valence electrons and similar chemical properties. The horizontal rows on the periodic table are called periods.

Where is the group on a periodic table?

A group is any column on the periodic table. Elements in the same group usually have similar properties, because they have the same number of electrons in the outermost electron shell. There are eight main groups of elements, numbered 1, 2, and 13-18.

What is group A and B in periodic table?

The elements in group IA are called the alkali metals. The columns with B (IB through VIIIB) are called the transition elements. The columns with A (IA through VIIIA) are called the main group elements. The elements can also be divided into two main groups, the metals and the non-metals.

What are the 8 groups on the periodic table?

The following are the 8 groups of the periodic table:

  • Alkali metals.
  • Alkaline earth metals.
  • Rare earth metals.
  • Crystallogens.
  • Pnictogens.
  • Chalcogens.
  • Halogens.
  • Noble gases.

What are the 18 groups in the periodic table?

Groups are numbered 1–18 from left to right. The elements in group 1 are known as the alkali metals; those in group 2 are the alkaline earth metals; those in 15 are the pnictogens; those in 16 are the chalcogens; those in 17 are the halogens; and those in 18 are the noble gases.

What are the 3 groups in the periodic table?

The elements can be broadly divided into metals, nonmetals, and semimetals.

What are Group 2A elements called?

Group 2A (or IIA) of the periodic table are the alkaline earth metals: beryllium (Be), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), strontium (Sr), barium (Ba), and radium (Ra). They are harder metals than the Group 1A elements, but are soft and lightweight compared to many of the transition metals.