Is Sugarcane a grass plant?

Is Sugarcane a grass plant?

Sugarcane is a large perennial tropical grass belonging to the tribe Andropogoneae of the family Gramineae and the genus Saccharum. The Andropogoneae are characteristically tropical or subtropical with a high concentration of genera in two geographical areas: India and Indonesia.

Where did sugarcane originally come from?

Sugar cane originated in New Guinea where it has been grown for thousands of years. Since about 1000 BC, the cultivation of sugar cane gradually spread across human migration routes to Southeast Asia and India and east into the Pacific.

Is Sugarcane a grass or fruit?

Sugar cane is a grass and the sweet part eaten is not a fruit because it is not the part that contains seeds. Sugar cane stores its sugar in the stems. Sugar cane (the bit you eat) is a stem, not a fruit.

Is cane a grass?

Cane is any of various tall, perennial grasses with flexible, woody stalks from the genera Arundinaria, Scientifically speaking, there are either of two genera from the family Poaceae. The genus Arundinaria is a bamboo (Bambuseae) found in the New World.

Why is sugarcane a grass?

Sugarcane is a tropical, perennial grass that forms lateral shoots at the base to produce multiple stems, typically 3 to 4 m (10 to 13 ft) high and about 5 cm (2 in) in diameter. The stems grow into cane stalk, which when mature, constitutes around 75% of the entire plant.

Who invented sugarcane?

Sugar cane was brought to the Americas in the 15th century, arriving first in Brazil by way of Portuguese traders. The first sugar cane planted in the New World was a gift from the governor of the Canary Islands to Christopher Columbus.

Who first domesticated sugarcane?

Sugarcane was originally domesticated around 8000 BC in New Guinea. From there knowledge about this plant slowly moved toward east across Southeast Asia until it reached India, where the first organized production of sugar began during middle of 1st millennia BC.

Is sugarcane a stem or root?

sugarcane is a stem .

Why is cane called cane?

During the period when they became a fashionable item, walking sticks began to be constructed out of the jointed stems of tropical grasses such as bamboo, cane and rattan. Hence, the term “cane!” From that time on, walking sticks were also called walking canes.

Is sugarcane a root?

Sugarcane is a deep-rooted crop due to its long growth cycle and the root system’s longevity through multiple rotations compared to other crops. The root systems reach depths that can vary between 1.5 and 6.0 m (Smith et al. 2005) .

Which country is the largest producer of sugarcane?


(in mln metric tonnes, tel quel)
1 India 25.51
2 Brazil 18.11
3 EU-28 16.20

When was sugarcane first discovered?