Who was the defender of Catholicism?

Who was the defender of Catholicism?

When Henry broke with the papacy, Pope Paul III deprived him of his designation, but the title was restored to the king by Parliament in 1544 and is still used by his successors on the English throne. The abbreviation Fid. Def. or the letters F.D. have been regularly on the coinage from the time of George I.

What did Philip want his palace to demonstrate about his monarchy quizlet?

what did philip want his palace to demonstrate about his monarchy? Philip’s gray granite palace, the Escorial, had massive walls and huge gates that demonstrated his power. They believed that they were justified in exercising absolute power because they believed that no one else had the authority that they did.

How was Philip II able to dominate international politics for much of the latter half of the 16th century?

Son of Charles V and was intensely Catholic and militarily supereme western Habsburg kingdom. How was Phillip II able to dominate international politics for much of the latter half of the sixteenth century? Political resistance in Netherland and merged with Catholic.

How did Richelieu’s actions toward Huguenots and the nobility?

How did Richelieu’s actions toward Huguenots and the nobility strengthen the monarchy? By taking away the Huguenots’ Fortifications, he lessened the chances they could defy the king; by relying on middle class officials, he made the king more independent of nobles.

How did Philip II protect Catholicism?

He enforced the decrees of the Council of Trent in Spain and employed the Spanish Inquisition to eradicate heresy and monitor the progress of the reform programme. Moreover, Philip actively defended and promoted the interests of Catholicism beyond Spain’s borders.

How did King Philip II of Spain attempt spread Catholicism?

His interventions in the fighting—sending the Duke of Parma to end Henry IV’s siege of Paris in 1590—and the siege of Rouen in 1592 contributed to saving the French Catholic Leagues’s cause against a Protestant monarchy.

What three actions demonstrated that Philip II of Spain saw himself as a defender of Catholicism quizlet?

Three actions that demonstrated that Philip II saw himself as a defender of Catholicism because he launched a crusade to defeat to Ottoman Empire, attempted to punish Protestant England, and kept a monastery within his palace walls. You just studied 15 terms!

How Philip was a typical absolute monarch?

Philip II, as head of the government of Spain, believed in the divine right of monarchs and used this to justify a number of immoral and illegal acts, such as ordering murders. Philip developed a system of regional self-government with viceroys answering to him and he ruled as an absolute monarch.

What did Philip II of Spain accomplish?

Upon becoming King of Spain, Philip II was the ruler of one of the largest empires the world had ever seen. During his long life, he attempted to expand the power of Spain, centralize the government, and protect the Catholic Church against Protestant reformers.

Why did Philip II take upon himself the leadership of the Catholic Counter Reformation?

Philip was a devout Catholic, and at the time was ruler of Spain, the richest and most dominant European state at the time. Leading the Counter Reformation was thus natural for him, and brought him prestige and respect from other Catholic monarchs, the Pope, and all Catholics everywhere.

How did Philip the second control the nobles?

The nobles of Castile were well-controlled by Philip. They took no part in the direct administration of Castille except as viceroys, admirals etc. Philip had a small group of advisors to help him but the Council of State made the nobles believe that they held the power.

What did Philip II of Spain conquer?

The Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire and of the Philippines, named in his honor by Ruy López de Villalobos, were completed during his reign. Under Philip II, Spain reached the height of her influence and power, sometimes called the Spanish Golden Age, and ruled territories in every continent then known to Europeans.