What key events led to the Peloponnesian War?

What key events led to the Peloponnesian War?

The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.

What led to the Peloponnesian War who won and what was the ultimate result?

Learning from its past experiences with the Athenian navy, they established a fleet of warships. It would be another decade of warfare before the Spartan general Lysander defeated the Athenian fleet at Aegospotami. This defeat led to Athenian surrender. As a result, the Peloponnesian War was concluded.

Why did Sparta declare war on Athens?

When Sparta declared war, it announced that it wanted to liberate Greece from Athenian oppression. And with some justification, because Athens had converted the Delian League, which had once been meant as a defensive alliance against the Persian Empire, into an Athenian empire.

What 5 reasons prompted the Peloponnesian War?

Thucydides on the Cause of the Peloponnesian War

  • Sparta was jealous of other powers and desired more power for itself.
  • Sparta was unhappy at no longer having all the military glory.
  • Athen bullied its allies and neutral cities.
  • There was a conflict among city-states between competing political ideologies.

What caused the Persian War?

The Persian Wars began in 499 BCE, when Greeks in the Persian-controlled territory rose in the Ionian Revolt. Silver mining contributed to the funding of a massive Greek army that was able to rebuke Persian assaults and eventually defeat the Persians entirely.

What did Sparta gain from the Peloponnesian War?

Sparta. As a result of the Peloponnesian War, Sparta, which had primarily been a continental culture, became a naval power. At its peak, Sparta overpowered many key Greek states, including the elite Athenian navy.

Who led the Peloponnesian League?

Peloponnesian League, also called Spartan Alliance, military coalition of Greek city-states led by Sparta, formed in the 6th century bc.

When did the Persian War began?

492 BC
The first Persian invasion of Greece, during the Persian Wars, began in 492 BC, and ended with the decisive Athenian victory at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC….First Persian invasion of Greece.

Date 492 – 490 BC.
Result Persian victory in Thrace and Macedon Persian failure to capture Athens

What event triggered the Greco Persian war during Darius reign over Persia?

The Ionian Revolt constituted the first major conflict between Greece and the Achaemenid Empire and represents the first phase of the Greco-Persian Wars. Asia Minor had been brought back into the Persian fold, but Darius had vowed to punish Athens and Eretria for their support for the revolt.

How did the Peloponnesian War contribute to the expansion of Macedonia?

How did the Peloponnesian War contribute to the expansion of Macedonia? The Greeks were weak from fighting the Peloponnesian War so Phillip of Macedonia was able to easily conquer them. … Alexander hoped that Greek ideas, customs, and traditions would blend with the diverse cultures of the people he had conquered.

Who led Sparta in the Peloponnesian War?

Peloponnesian War
Delian League (led by Athens) Peloponnesian League (led by Sparta) Supported by: Achaemenid Empire
Commanders and leaders
Pericles (died in 429 BC) Cleon † Nicias Alcibiades (in exile) Demosthenes Archidamus II Brasidas † Lysander Alcibiades (in exile)
Casualties and losses

When did Peloponnesian war start?

431 BC
Peloponnesian War/Start dates

Who won the Peloponnesian War and why?

Athens stood for democracy, and Sparta for oligarchy, though they fought as much for economic reasons of commerce and for the dominance of their respective leagues. Sparta eventually won the Peloponnesian War. Athens was never the same again.

What are facts about the Peloponnesian War?

Facts about the Second Peloponnesian War The uneasy truce between the Greek city-states after the First Peloponnesian War broke out into warfare in 415 BC when the Athenians attacked the city-state of Syracuse in Sicily . The Second Peloponnesian War is also called the Decelean War or Ionian War. This war went on for 11 years from 415 BC to 404 BC.

What happened as a result of the Peloponnesian War?

The results of the Peloponnesian War was that Athens was defeated by Sparta, both Athens and Sparta were so severely weakened that they never fully recovered from the ravages of the war and that the war paved the way for Macedonian dominance. The conflict between Athens and Sparta was inevitable.

What are the cause and effect of the Peloponnesian Wars?

Peloponnesian wars were a result of the lack of understanding between Athens and Sparta. Both were cities in Greece. There was a truce period of 30 years before the Peloponnesian wars started between Athens and Sparta. During this period Athens started acquiring a lot of wealth and was supremacy at the sea.